After 40 years of reform and opening up, China's urban development has also entered a turning point. Some outstanding problems in urban planning and construction management need to be solved and solved. In view of the current situation of construction greed, fascination, blame, lack of features and cultural heritage in some cities, on February 22, 2016, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council The “Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Further Strengthening the Management of Urban Planning and Construction” was issued, and the construction policy was applied, “applicable, economic, green, and beautiful” to prevent the one-sided pursuit of architectural appearance and the management of public buildings and over-limit high-rise buildings.
The opinion pointed out that it is necessary to vigorously promote prefabricated buildings, reduce construction waste and dust pollution, shorten the construction period and improve the quality of the project. Formulate specifications for prefabricated building design, construction, and acceptance. We will improve the standard of component parts and realize the factory production of building parts. Encourage construction companies to assemble construction and assemble on site. Construction of a national assembly-type building production base. Increase policy support and strive to use 30 years or so to make assembly buildings account for 30% of new buildings. Actively and steadily promote steel structure construction. Advocate the development of modern wood-framed buildings where conditions permit.
In order to implement the "Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Further Strengthening the Management of Urban Planning and Construction" and the "Outline of the National Informationization Development Strategy" to further enhance the informationization level of the construction industry, on August 23, 2016, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued "2016-2020 Construction Industry Informatization Development Outline", the "Outline" clearly expresses the strengthening of the application of information technology in prefabricated buildings, promotes BIM-based architectural engineering design, production, transportation, assembly and life-cycle management, and promotes Industrial construction. Establish a cloud service platform based on BIM, Internet of Things and other technologies to achieve collaborative work between the various parties in the industry chain at all stages and in all links.
On September 30, 2016, the General Office of the State Council issued the “Guiding Opinions on Vigorously Developing Prefabricated Buildings”, which clearly stated that each region should study the goals and tasks of developing prefabricated buildings according to local conditions, establish a sound working mechanism, and improve supporting policies, organize specific implementation, and ensure that all tasks are implemented. All relevant departments should increase guidance, coordination and support, and develop the prefabricated building as an important task in implementing the spirit of the Central City Work Conference, and include it in the urban planning and construction management supervision and evaluation index system, and regularly report the assessment results.
On March 23, 2017, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued the Notice on the “13th Five-Year Planned Building Action Plan”, “Management Measures for Demolition Building Demonstration City” and “Management Measures for Assembly-type Building Industry Base”.
The "13th Five-Year" Prefabricated Building Action Plan proposes that by 2020, the proportion of new-scale buildings in the country will reach more than 15%, of which the key areas will reach more than 20%, and the active areas will reach more than 15%. The promotion area reached more than 10%. Encourage local governments to set higher development goals. Establish and improve the prefabricated building policy system, planning system, standard system, technical system, product system and supervision system, form a batch of assembly-type architectural design, construction, parts and components of large-scale production enterprises and engineering general contracting enterprises, forming a professional assembly engineering team and comprehensively improve the quality, efficiency and quality of the assembled building and realize the comprehensive development of the assembled building.
The program also proposes that by 2020, we must give full play to the demonstration leading and leading role. Cultivate more than 50 prefabricated building demonstration cities, more than 200 prefabricated building industrial bases, more than 500 prefabricated building demonstration projects, and build more than 30 prefabricated building technology innovation bases.
On February 24, 2017, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on Promoting the Sustainable and Healthy Development of the Construction Industry". The opinion pointed out that we must adhere to standardized design, factory production, assembly construction, integrated decoration, information management, and intelligence. application. It is also necessary to promote the innovation of construction methods, vigorously develop fabricated concrete and steel structure buildings, advocate the development of modern wood structure buildings in places where conditions permit, and continuously increase the proportion of fabricated buildings in new buildings. We hope that in about 10 years, the proportion of prefabricated buildings to the newly built building area will reach 30%. Promote the popularization of intelligent applications in new buildings and existing building renovations, improve the operation and maintenance mechanism of intelligent systems, and achieve comfortable, safe, energy-saving and efficient buildings.
On January 17, 2019, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued the "Notice on Carrying out the Statistics on the Development of Prefabricated Buildings in 2018", clearly requiring the competent departments of housing and urban construction in all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government to attach great importance to this investigation. And seriously organize the completion of the "2018 Annual Survey of Prefabricated Building Development Statistics."
Shanghai International Green Architecture and Construction Materials Expo 2019
The "13th Five-Year Plan" pointed out that promoting building energy conservation and green building development is an objective requirement for implementing the national energy production and consumption revolutionary strategy, and an important manifestation of accelerating the construction of ecological civilization and taking a new road to urbanization. It is also an effective means to promote energy conservation and emission reduction and to cope with climate change. It is the focus of innovation to drive new kinetic energy for economic development.
In order to implement the regulations, guidelines and policies put forward in the report of the 19th National Congress on "accelerating the reform of the ecological civilization system and building a beautiful China", and complying with the development trend of green, ecological, healthy and comfortable building materials, ESBUILD will integrate existing resources in 2019. Re-establishing the concept of “Innovative Safety, Beautiful Ecology, and Providing Comprehensive Solutions for Green Buildings”, and launched the integration of six major plates, involving building energy-saving plates, fabricated building plates, exterior wall materials, interior wall materials, Building materials plate, interior decoration plate.
Shanghai International Green Architecture and Construction Materials Expo 2019 will raise the status quo and trend of green building development to the height of the whole society, plan for the green development clearly defined in the National 13th Five-Year Plan, and condense policy synergies to improve development efficiency.